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常春藤解析英语【22】Midnight Marauders 忍者传说

2010-08-11 21:27:52 来源:常春藤英语
Midnight Marauders 忍者传说

by Jason Alloy

It is just after midnight. Dressed in dark-colored clothing to _(1)_ with his surroundings, a secretive figure darts in and out of the shadows, quietly slipping inside the fortress. Drawing his sword, he prepares to complete his _(2)_, the beheading of a rival general. He is one of the most feared warriors in history. He is a ninja.

In 6th century Japan, mountain villagers began sending spies to gather information about
_(3)_ attacks from ruling families. Greatly outnumbered by Samurai, the villagers began practicing techniques that came from both Japan and China to create ninjutsu, the art of stealth. Through extreme training such as hanging over the edge of cliffs to _(4)_ their fears, some villagers became ninjas.

Ninjas' use of misdirection, the ability to confuse enemies with one's movements, made them so mysterious _(5)_ they were rumored to have magical powers. Their noiseless movements were made possible by the special shoes they wore that allowed them to walk in virtual silence. These shoes, with wooden pads carved to look like animal tracks attached to the bottoms, also made their _(6)_ untraceable. By day ninjas disguised themselves as peasants, and at night dressed in dark colors suitable for hiding in the shadows or even green and yellow to match bamboo.

At their height, there were 80 ninja clans throughout Japan. Though _(7)_ in the 17th century, ninjutsu still went on in underground circles. Today, the lineage can be traced to ninjutsu teacher Masaaki Hatsumi, "the last living ninja." Although ninjas may no longer be assassins, their principles of self-defense continue to be taught.

1. (A) stand out (B) put aside (C) blend in   (D) take sides
2. (A) surgery  (B) mission  (C) destination  (D) outcome
3. (A) promising (B) inviting  (C) hesitating  (D) impending
4. (A) conquer  (B) consist  (C) confirm    (D) convey
5. (A) which   (B) while    (C) that     (D) therefore
6. (A) scents   (B) footprints (C) strategies  (D) transportations
7. (A) banned   (B) to ban   (C) banning   (D) was banned


1. Dressed in dark-colored clothing to blend in with his surroundings, a secretive figure...


a. (A) stand out  脱颖而出;显眼
例: Molly always stands out because she wears a bright red raincoat even on days when the weather is perfect.
(B) put aside...  将……放在一边
例: Please put aside what you think you know and listen to the professor's lecture.
(C) blend in with...  融入……
例: Julia blended right in with our friends the first day we met.
(D) take sides with sb  偏袒某人,站在某人那边
= side with sb
例: Sarah always takes sides with her mother when her parents fight.

b. 根据上下文,指的应是忍者穿着深色服装,以便与周遭环境『融合』在一起,可知应选 (C)。

2. Drawing his sword, he prepares to complete his mission, the beheading of a rival general.


a.(A) surgery n. 外科手术
 (B) mission n. 任务
 (C) destination n. 目的地
 (D) outcome n. 结果

b. 根据空格前的 complete(完成)可知,应是指忍者准备要完成『任务』,故选 (B)。

3. ...mountain villagers began sending spies to gather information about impending attacks from ruling families.


a.(A) promising a. 大有可为的
a promising job  有前途的工作
例: Mark is a promising young man; he is full of drive.
 (B) inviting a. 诱人的
例: On a cold winter day, a hot spring can be very inviting.
 (C) hesitating a. 犹豫不决的
   hesitate vi. 犹豫
例: Don't hesitate in sending your resume for that job.
 (D) impending a. 即将发生的
例: The impending war of words with Terry might get out of control.

b. 空格后为名词 attacks(攻击),根据语意,可知应选 (D) impending(即将发生的)加以修饰,语意方通顺。

4. Through extreme training...to conquer their fears, some villagers became ninjas.


a.(A) conquer vt. 克服;战胜
 (B) consist vi. 组成
consist of...  由……组成
例: The mall consists of stores that sell very expensive products.
 (C) confirm vt. 确认
 (D) convey vt. 传达
   convey sth to sb  向某人传达某事
例: Debbie conveyed her love to Kent by writing him a letter every day they were apart.

b. 根据其后的受词 fears(害怕),可知应选 (A) conquer(克服),方合乎语意。

5. ...made them so mysterious that they were rumored to have magical powers.


a. 本空格测试下列固定句型:
so + adj./adv. + that + S + V  如此……以致于……
例: The crime was so terrible that the whole town went looking for the murderer.

b. 根据上述用法,可知应选 (C)。

6. These shoes, with wooden pads carved to look like animal tracks attached to the bottoms, also made their footprints untraceable.


a.(A) scent n. 香味
 (B) footprint n. 脚印
 (C) strategy n. 战略
 (D) transportation n. 运输

b. 根据语意,忍者穿的鞋子底部有刻成动物脚印的木垫,此举应是让忍者的『足迹』无法追踪,可知应选 (B)。

7. Though banned in the 17th century, ninjutsu still went on in underground circles.


a. 空格前有 Though,得知本空格测试副词子句化简为副词词组的用法:
Though, if, when, while, once 和 unless 等副词连接词所引导的副词子句,若其主词与主要子句中的主词相同,可化简为分词词组,化简原则如下:
1) 删除副词子句之主词;
2) 其后动词化为现在分词;
3) 若该动词为 be 动词时,变成现在分词 being 之后通常予以省略。
例: Though scolded by Mom, my brother still snuck out with his friends late at night.

b. 本句原为:
Though ninjutsu was banned in the 17th century, ninjutsu still...
c. 由此可知,应选 (A) banned。


1. be dressed in...  穿着……
例: Princess Rebecca was dressed in a long, flowing gown designed by Gucci.
(卢贝佳公主穿着一件由 Gucci 设计的飘逸长礼服。)

2. outnumber vt. 数量上超过
例: Even though the 300 troops were outnumbered, they still fought with all their might.

3. confuse vt. 使混淆
confuse A with B  将 A 与 B 混淆
例: Don't confuse me with Aaron just because we are cousins.

4. be attached to...  被附加于……
attach A to B  将 A 附于 B
例: I attached the file to the email so you can take a look at it before we sign the contract.

5. disguise oneself as...  某人伪装成……
例: The fan disguised himself as one of the staff to get into the concert.

6. at one's height/at the height of...  在……的颠峰时期
例: At the height of his career, Tom was earning more than US$20 million per movie.

7. be traced (back) to...  追溯至……
例: The cause of the explosion was traced to a gas leak.


1. marauder n. 掠夺者

2. surroundings n. 环境(恒用复数)

3. secretive a. 躲躲藏藏的

4. dart vi. 飞奔;猛冲

5. fortress n. 要塞,堡垒

6. beheading n. 斩首

7. ninja n. 忍者

8. Samurai n. 武士

9. stealth n. 秘密行动

10. cliff n. 悬崖,峭壁

11. misdirection n. 误导

12. virtual a. 几乎的;实际上的

13. pad n.(衬∕护)垫

14. track n. 足迹

15. untraceable a. 难以追踪的

16. peasant n. 农夫

17. clan n. 宗派

18. underground a. 秘密的;地下的

19. lineage n. 血统,世系

20. assassin n. 刺客



1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (A) 5. (C) 
6. (B) 7. (A)

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