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常春藤解析英语【40】The Lost Civilization of Yonaguni 失落的古文明

2010-08-13 17:53:10 来源:常春藤英语
The Lost Civilization of Yonaguni 失落的古文明

by Kevin Lustig

Humans have been building for a long time. Structures _(1)_ 6,000 years old have been discovered that were built by ancient Egyptians, Indians, Chinese, and Mesopotamians. However, even these very old cultures recorded legends of groups that lived long before. The stories tell of places like Atlantis, Thule, and Mu that _(2)_ terrible disasters and disappeared into the ocean.

In modern times, these are commonly thought to be _(3)_ more than folktales. However, a recent discovery is making scientists and historians think again. Off the shore of Yonaguni Island, just 125 kilometers east of Taiwan, divers discovered _(4)_ appeared to be a huge building underwater. Since the first sighting in 1987, teams of scientists have been back to reexamine the site many times. The structure seems to be about the same size as the Egyptian pyramids but may be nearly 3,500 years older than those famous monuments. This would make it the oldest building on the planet.

_(5)_ Yonaguni, as many as four sites have been discovered in the waters around Taiwan that appear man-made. Nothing is known about the civilization that might have built these sites, and scientists are not sure if they are the work of ancient people. More underwater detective work will have to be done _(6)_ anything is certain. However, as more is learned about these mysterious buildings, we may want to take another look at those old tales of cities _(7)_ beneath the waves.

1. (A) up to (B) due to (C) as well (D) as many
2. (A) pleased (B) embraced (C) suffered (D) contained
3. (A) something (B) nothing (C) everything (D) anything
4. (A) where (B) that (C) which (D) what
5. (A) Other than (B) Rather than (C) Less than (D) More than
6. (A) though (B) after (C) before (D) when
7. (A) vanishing (B) to vanish (C) vanished (D) vanish


1. Structures up to 6,000 years old have been discovered that...
a. (A) up to...  多达……(与数字并用)
例: Some types of turtles are known to live for up to 150 years.
(有些乌龟可以活到 150 岁之久。)
(B) due to...  由于……
例: We have a new security plan due to recent robberies at other banks.
(C) as well  也(置于句尾)
A as well as B  A 与 B(为对等连接词)
例: Dave bought new furniture for his living room and a new TV as well.
例: Our school has students from Japan as well as other countries.
(D) as many 之后通常与 as 并用,形成 "as many as..."(和……一样多)之用法。
b. 空格后有数字 6,000,根据上述用法,此处应置入 up to,表『长达六千多年历史的建筑物』,故 (A) 为正选。

2. The stories tell of places like Atlantis, Thule, and Mu that suffered terrible disasters and...
a. (A) please vt. 取悦
(B) embrace vt. 拥抱;接纳
例: After being apart for years, the friends embraced each other at the airport.
(C) suffer vt. 遭受 & vi. 受苦;患病
suffer from...  受……(疾病)所苦
例: Sometimes I miss class because I suffer from really bad headaches.
(D) contain vt. 包含
b. 根据语意,可知应选 (C)。

3. In modern times, these are commonly thought to be nothing more than folktales.
a. 本空格测试下列固定用法:
be nothing more than + N  只不过是……
= be nothing but + N
= be just/only/merely + N
例: The spells David said he could perform were nothing more than magic tricks.
b. 根据上述用法,故选 (B) nothing。无 "be something/everything/anything more than + N" 的用法,故 (A)、(C)、(D) 均不可选。

4. ...divers discovered what appeared to be a huge building underwater.
a. (A) where 为修饰地方的关系副词,其后须接完整的子句,然空格后的子句尚缺主词,故 (A) 不可选。
例: I had no idea where my little sister had gone.
b. (B) that 虽可引导名词子句,作为其前及物动词 discovered(发现)的受词,然该子句须为一完整句构,故 (B) 不可选。
例: I can conclude that Tim was the murderer.
c. (C) which 为关系代名词,使用时其前须有先行词(名词),空格前为动词 discovered 而无名词,故 (C) 不可选。
例: This is the book which I bought yesterday.
d. (D) what 为复合关系代名词,等于 the thing(s) which,使用时其前不须有先行词,且 what 置入空格后,亦可作及物动词 discovered 的受词,符合语意、用法,故 (D) 为正选。
例: Tell me what happened in detail.

5. Other than Yonaguni, as many as four sites have been discovered...
a. (A) other than...  除了……(以外)
例: Other than painting, Carla has many talents like singing and photography.
(B) rather than...  而非∕与其……
例: Rather than stay home and cook, let's go out to eat tonight.
(C) less than...  少于……
(D) more than...  多于……
b. 根据语意,应是表『除了』与那国岛,在台湾周围海域底下还发现了四座遗迹,可知应选 (A)。

6. More underwater detective work will have to be done before anything is certain.
a. 空格前后均为完整的子句,得知此处应置入连接词加以连接。
b. 选项均为副词连接词,(A) though 表『虽然』、(B) after 表『之后』、(C) before 表『之前』、(D) when 表『当……时』,然根据语意,可知应选 before,表『在任何事情能确定之前,还有许多侦查工作尚待完成』,故选 (C)。

7. ...we may want to take another look at those old tales of cities vanishing beneath the waves.
a. 空格前省略了 which,本句实等于:
...take another look at those old tales of cities which vanished beneath the waves.
b. 限定修饰的形容词子句中,若关系代名词为主词时,该子句可化简为分词词组,化简原则如下:
1) 删除关系代名词;
2) 之后的动词变成现在分词;
3) 若动词为 be 动词,变成现在分词 being 后可省 略。
例: I mistook the girl (who was) standing there for your sister.
c. 根据上述,可知应选 (A) vanishing。
d. vanish vi. 突然不见;消失
vanish into thin air  凭空消失
例: The ship sailed away and vanished into thin air. It was never seen again.


1. tell of...  (书本等)描述∕叙述……
例: The children found an old book that told of a hidden cave filled with treasure.

2. discovery n. 发现
make a discovery  发现
例: Dr. Isaacs is famous for having made many discoveries in cancer research.

3. off the shore of...  在……外海
= off the coast of...
例: Many people on the beach saw the plane crash off the coast of our island.

4. 表距离的名词 + 方向 + of + 某地  位于某地……方向……(之远)处
例: Kaohsiung is situated about three hundred kilometers south of Taipei.

5. detective a. 侦查的 & n. 侦探
detect vt. 察觉;侦查
例: Special machines have been put in the airport to detect explosive material.


1. civilization n. 文明
2. structure n. 建筑物
3. discover vt. 发现
4. Mesopotamian n. 美索不达米亚人 & a. 美索不达米亚的
5. disaster n. 灾难
6. commonly adv. 一般地
7. folktale n. 传说,民间故事
8. diver n. 潜水者
9. sighting n. 看见
10. reexamine vt. 重新检查
11. pyramid n. 金字塔
12. monument n. 历史遗迹
13. mysterious a. 神秘的


1. in modern times  在现代
in ancient times  在古代

2. take a look at...  看一看……
= check out...



现今,一般认为这些故事不过是民间传说。不过,近代有一项发现却让科学家与历史学家重新思索。在与那国岛外海,距离台湾东部仅仅 125 公里处,潜水者在海底发现了一个疑似巨大建筑物的遗迹。自 1987 年首次被发现后,科学团队已多次往返重新研究该地点。该建筑看起来和埃及金字塔一样巨大,但却比这知名遗迹早了将近 3,500 年。这足以让它成为全世界最古老的建筑物。


标准答案: 1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (D) 5. (A) 6. (C) 7. (A)

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